How usage is calculated
Usage refers to your consumption of Metered RAM and storage Skytap resources. This article discusses how usage is calculated in your account.
Skytap uses several metrics to report usage:
|Concurrent Metered RAM||The highest amount of Metered RAM A unit of measurement used to calculate VM usage, based on the amount of RAM (in GB) for a VM. To learn more, see How usage is calculated. that has been running at one time.
Metered RAM is calculated based on the amount of RAM, in GB, dedicated to running VMs
|Metered RAM hours||1 RAM hour equals 1 GB RAM running for 1 hour.
RAM usage is charged by the minute.
For example if you run a VM from 10:00 AM to 10:02 AM, it would result in two minutes of usage. If you ran the same VM again from 10:05 AM to 10:15 AM, you’d be charged for an additional 10 minutes of usage.
|Storage||Total storage use includes:
Import and export files are not added to your storage totals.
|An aggregate of the amount of storage used on a hourly basis during a billing cycle.|
|Public IP addresses||
|Networks||Usage shown on the Settings page is based on the number of networks currently in use across your environments and templates. A network is “in use” if at least one VM is running on the network.|
|Max Concurrent VMs||The highest number of virtual machines that have been running at one time.|
For more information about how usage is calculated against user and department limits, see Setting usage limits.
Types of usage in Skytap
Pay-as-you-go is the default type of usage in Skytap. Pay-as-you-go billing is based on actual account usage of the resources listed above.
If you have Skytap VMs (x86 or Power) that run constantly, you can shift that usage from pay-as-you-go to reserved capacity, which is billed at a reduced rate. Usage beyond your reserved capacity is billed at pay-as-you-go rates. To request reserved capacity, see Requesting reserved capacity.
Billing and usage reports
Your bill is based on reserved capacity for the resources listed above, as well as any attached-license usage. Usage beyond reserved capacity is billed at pay-as-you-go rates.
You are billed for usage based on your monthly usage report. The billing cycle begins and ends with the calendar month, calculated using UTC.
Administrators can view the account usage report from the Usage page. For more information, see Viewing usage data.
Controlling Metered RAM and storage usage
For best practices on controlling usage, see Managing Metered RAM and storage usage.
Determining attached license usage for SPLA and IBM i titles
Attached licenses, such as SPLA and IBM i, may result in additional costs beyond standard compute and storage usage. Generally, each instance of an attached license title (operating system or software product) is billed when the host VM is active during the billing period.
If you make a copy of a VM with a attached license title and both the original VM and the copy are active at the same time during the billing period, both VMs are charged for attached license usage.
For details about adding attached licenses to Skytap VMs, see Managing attached licensed titles FAQ.
IBM i Pricing
Additionally, IBM i pricing is dependent on the number of vCPUs. For IBM i VMs, you can choose from the following pricing options:
- Monthly – IBM i usage is billed at a flat monthly rate – use this model for continuous-use VMs, such as production or automated testing.
- Hourly – IBM i usage is billed at an hourly rate – user this model for as-needed VMs. The default setting for pricing is Hourly.
- If you change the pricing for a VM that has been powered on during the billing cycle, the pricing for that VM will not be changed until the next billing cycle.
- IBM i pricing is dependent on the number of vCPUs.